The American Promise Value Edition Combined Volume 6th Edition By James L. Roark – Test Bank
Choose the letter of the best answer.
1. A hallmark of the Jacksonian era was the common belief among Americans that
A) a single political party is the best route to efficient government.
B) people and societies can shape their own destinies.
C) equality for all is worth fighting for.
D) the federal government can rationally solve all of the nation’s problems.
2. What was a consequence of the market revolution that followed the War of 1812?
A) It changed Americans’ economic expectations.
B) It gave rise to an industrial economy like that of Britain.
C) It transformed the economy but affirmed traditional legal and banking practices.
D) It created new markets but did not alter the distribution of goods.
3. How did state governments facilitate the building of transportation networks in the early nineteenth century?
A) They distributed the federal funds earmarked for the construction of public roads.
B) They directly funded road-building.
C) They disallowed the formation of monopolies in order to foster competition.
D) They granted subsidies to private investors who funded construction.
4. How did steamboats, introduced in 1807, disrupt the natural environment?
A) Their use of coal led to excessive mining.
B) They frequently spilled toxic substances into the water.
C) The need for fuel led to deforestation.
D) They killed many different species of fish.
5. Why were canals an important innovation in the early nineteenth century?
A) They provided speedier transport of merchandise than had been previously possible.
B) They allowed cheaper transport because boats could support heavier loads.
C) They were not dependent on the support of reluctant state governments.
D) Major canals connected the cities of the North to the farms of the South.
6. Which statement describes the effects of the first railroad lines in the United States?
A) They eliminated the need for canal transportation.
B) They provided an efficient distribution system for goods.
C) The federal government increased its budget to sponsor railroad lines.
D) They did not monopolize travel because lines were too short.
7. Which group made up the bulk of the workforce in New England textile mills until the 1840s?
A) Older men who could not physically handle more strenuous work
B) Young men who sought careers in America’s expanding economy
C) Young women who hoped to gain more autonomy
D) Immigrant families who escaped from the factory system in Europe
8. For workers in early Massachusetts factories, wages were
A) high because workers were hard to obtain.
B) high because labor unions fought for increases.
C) low because workers were easily replaced.
D) low because workers were considered no better than slaves.
9. In the 1820s and 1830s, shoebinding, an important component of shoe manufacturing, was
A) highly skilled work performed by men in overcrowded tenements.
B) comparatively low-paying work performed by women at home.
C) usually undertaken by boys who worked onsite at the shoe factory.
D) the most highly unionized segment of the early factory system.
10. What role did bankers play in the economy of Jacksonian America?
A) They managed the paper money issued by state governments.
B) They managed the paper money issued by the federal government.
C) They issued banknotes that were used as money for all transactions.
D) They kept debt low by issuing loans to manufacturers but not to merchants.