American Government Brief Version 11th Edition By James Q. Wilson – Test Bank
CHAPTER 11: The Bureaucracy
1. A bureaucracy is a complex organization in the sense that
a. no one knows how it operates.
b. authority is divided among several managers.
c. its size is large, but its functions are small.
d. its functions are large, but its size is small.
e. employees are tightly restrained in their decision making.
ANS: B REF: 290 NOT: Conceptual
2. In 2010, Congress passed a law that mandated the USDA work with _______ to address issues related to hunger.
a. local courts
b. state senators
c. church organizations
d. local school districts
e. assisted living facility directors
ANS: D REF: 290 NOT: Factual
3. Political authority over the bureaucracy is
a. possessed exclusively by the president as chief executive.
b. shared between the president and Congress.
c. difficult to determine in practice.
d. at the local level where the programs actually operate.
e. divided between the cabinet and key leaders in the Senate.
ANS: B REF: 291 NOT: Factual
4. Most federal agencies must share their functions with
a. related state and local agencies.
b. private corporations.
c. interest groups.
d. congressional staff.
e. state legislatures.
ANS: A REF: 291 NOT: Factual
5. Whereas European countries exhibit extensive government ownership of key industries, the United States relies primarily on
a. ownership by the states.
b. extremely high taxation.
c. extensive regulation.
d. very little regulation.
e. taxation and media exposure.
ANS: C REF: 292 NOT: Conceptual
6. James Madison argued that the president alone must be able to fire a federal employee because
a. otherwise he would not be able to control his subordinates.
b. he is the best-qualified person to judge job performance.
c. there would be a considerable danger of corruption if Congress participated in the process.
d. this power was clearly conferred by the Constitution.
e. the Constitution was silent on the matter.
ANS: A REF: 292 NOT: Conceptual
7. Madison noted every appointment had the effect of creating ten
a. law suits.
b. congressional votes.
ANS: E REF: 292 NOT: Factual
8. During most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, appointments to the civil service were based primarily on
ANS: C REF: 292 NOT: Factual
9. The notable event that led to civil service reform was
a. the assassination of President Garfield.
b. the kidnapping of several cabinet members.
c. a controversial Senate investigation of White House finances.
d. vote fraud in Chicago
e. None of the above is true.
ANS: A REF: 293 NOT: Factual
10. Patronage was useful in that it
a. resulted in support from presidential subordinates.
b. provided leverage in dealing with Congress.
c. enabled party organizations to be built up.
d. assisted with the mobilization of voters.
e. All of the above are true.
ANS: E REF: 293 NOT: Factual
11. The Pendleton Act
a. established regulations for new businesses.
b. reduced the size of the federal bureaucracy.
c. increased the influence of patronage in federal appointments.
d. created the Civil Service Commission.
e. abolished tests for bureaucratic positions.
ANS: D REF: 293 NOT: Factual