Many Europes Choice and Chance in Western Civilization Ist Edition By Paul Dutton And Suzanne – Test Bank
The Northern Italian and European Renaissances
1. The progenitor of humanism was
a. Cassandra Fedele.
b. Francesco Petrarcha.
c. Cosimo de Medici.
d. Gentile Bellini.
2. Why was the Italian Renaissance transitional?
a. It was partly open to women, but not entirely.
b. It was partly the product of the Ottoman Empire.
c. It was not quite modern, yet not entirely medieval either.
d. It was partly Roman, partly Germanic.
3. Why was the Italian Renaissance not revolutionary?
a. It achieved few remarkable things and only a privileged few participated in it.
b. Creative men and women struggled to secure financial support from capricious patrons.
c. Most of the humanists, like Petrarch, were clerics.
d. It did not represent a dramatic shift in political, social, or cultural attitudes.
4. Renaissance humanism emphasized the study of what languages and literatures?
a. Latin and Greek
b. Arabic and Latin
c. Greek and Persian
d. Latin and Hebrew
5. The Italian artist and writer Giorgio Vasari in the sixteenth century first used the term renaissance to describe what?
a. the struggle to reform the Roman Catholic Church
b. the growing emphasis on the importance of the individual in society
c. the need to choose between Christian faith and the allure of ancient and pagan beliefs
d. efforts to return to the artistic glories of the classical past
6. How did western Europeans at the time of the Renaissance obtain many unknown works by Greek philosophers and Roman humanists?
a. Greek scholars and theologians fleeing the Byzantine Empire carried the texts with them to Italy.
b. German scholars and clerics fleeing the Mongols brought the works with them to Greece.
c. Most were found buried in monasteries, where they had lain hidden in monastic libraries for centuries.
d. Italian scholars excavating the ruins of ancient Rome discovered most of the lost texts in hidden catacombs.
7. The most well-known nineteenth-century proponent of the Renaissance was the Swiss historian
a. Peter Abelard.
b. Duns Scotus.
c. Jacob Burckhardt.
d. Heiko Obermann.
8. One of the reasons the Renaissance began in Italy was the
a. strength of the papacy, which sponsored much art and architecture.
b. the weakness of the papacy, which allowed Italian cities for a time to operate without much papal interference.
c. grave threats to stability and prosperity experienced in northern Italy, which forced the cities of the region to become more innovative.
d. the rise of the Ottoman Empire, which was an essential trading partner for Italy.
9. The one thing that distinguished Italy from the rest of Europe in the fourteenth century was the predominance of
10. At the time of the Renaissance, the governments of most of the northern Italian states were
a. hereditary monarchies.
b. feudal lordships.
d. under the control of the papacy.