Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing, Theory and Application 8th Edition By Marquis Huston – Test Bank
1. What is the advantage of recruiting from outside the organization?
A) Promotes long-term retention of employees
B) Tends to increase the number of candidates
C) Provides well-motivated candidates
D) Attracts well-qualified candidates
Recruiting from outside the organization provides an opportunity to increase the pool of candidates for positions but is no guarantee that these candidates will be more qualified or motivated than those who come from within the organization.
2. A new graduate who began their nursing career 6 months ago and who completed orientation 3 months ago is in what stage of professional development?
The nurse is still in the entry stage and will be until necessary skills are learned. It generally takes an extended period of time to obtain the skills necessary for mastery. The remaining options are not relevant to this question.
3. Which reason qualifies as organizational justification for a career development program?
A) Employee attrition can be reduced
B) Personnel can be used more effectively
C) Employees can increase earning power
D) Employment benefits are increased
Ans: C, D
Organizational justification for career development programs includes attrition reduction, improved productivity, and general improved quality of life. Although employees may earn more money and additional benefits as a result of career development, they are not the reason that organizations undertake career development programs.
4. Which statement is true regarding career planning?
A) It is the employer’s responsibility
B) It results in the spontaneous assessment of goals
C) It requires the development of a long-term plan
D) Functions best when the planning is episodic in nature
Effective career planning requires long-term planning; it is the responsibility of the individual and requires constant attention to function properly.
5. Which principle is key in resumes’ construction?
A) Emphasize strong and weak points equally
B) Be at least four to five pages in length
C) Reflect complex, scholarly language
D) Be concise and easy to read
The content of a resume should be able to be grasped quickly by the individual doing the hiring, so conciseness and readability are of key importance. The remaining options do not express correct information concerning resume construction.
6. Which activity is a personal responsibility for career management?
A) Developing career ladders
B) Establishing career paths
C) Providing challenging assignments
D) Developing a career plan
Only the development of a career plan is the responsibility of the individual. The first three choices are management responsibilities.
7. Which statement is true regarding long-term coaching for career development?
A) It occurs annually at performance appraisal reviews
B) It focuses on employee performance deficits
C) It requires the same intensity as a mentoring relationship
D) It occurs over the entire employment tenure of an employee
Long-term coaching should occur over the entire employment of the employee. The remaining options are not true statements regarding career development.
8. A nurse has been transferred to another unit in the hospital to perform the same type of duties. What type of transfer is this called?
Doing the same type of duties in another location is called a lateral transfer. The remaining terms do not infer this type of transfer.
9. Which statement is accurate concerning management development classes?
A) They are not cost-effective, but increase worker satisfaction
B) They are necessary for advancement to management positions
C) They require the inclusion of social learning activities
D) They are a responsibility of middle-level management
The inclusion of social learning activities in management development increases the possibility for employee retention. Management development is cost-effective for the organization but may not be necessary for all managers. Top executives in the organization have a responsibility to support the management development program.
10. Research supports that which factor may lead nurses to become disengaged in their careers?
A) They do not feel that nursing is valued as a career
B) Boredom increases with time on the same job
C) Many nurses interrupt their careers for childrearing
D) Nursing is low paying compared with other careers
Research has shown that boredom and job indifference leading to disengagement increase with time on the same job. While the other options may be factors they are not research supported.