Introduction To Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Sport 10th Edition By Angela Lumpkin – Test Bank
Issues in Sports
1. What are three reasons why children choose to participate in youth sports, and which is most important to them?
Have fun; learn sport skills; spend time with friends; feel successful; have something to do; having fun the most important
2. What is the first question that parents typically ask children after a youth sport competition?
Did you win?
3. What is an example of sport opportunities for senior citizens?
Masters competitions such as in swimming; Senior Games
4. What federal legislation restored the application of Title IX to athletics?
Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1988
True or False
True 5. Traditionally both physiological and societal factors have contributed to the inequality that many women experienced when seeking to compete in sports.
False 6. Research has proven that ethnic minority athletes are bigger, stronger, and generally more highly skilled than are white athletes.
True 7. National championships exist in some youth sports.
True 8. Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments influenced an increase in the number of girls and women in sport competitions in high schools and colleges in the 1980s.
True 9. The National Collegiate Athletic Association requires at least minimal academic achievement to qualify for intercollegiate competition.
False 10. Senior citizens and individuals with special needs have equal sporting opportunities in comparison with other groups.
True 11. The win-at-all-costs attitude so pervasive in youth sports can be attributed mostly to adults.
True 12. Year-round conditioning programs, specializing in one sport, and coaches’ jobs depending on winning are problems associated with some interscholastic sport programs.
True 13. State Games provide a variety of sports opportunities for individuals of all ages.
False 14. Coaches and parents typically reward effort more than outcome in youth sport programs.
False 15. Values such as teamwork, cooperation, self-discipline, and sportsmanship are inherent values associated with sport.
True 16. Sport opportunities are limited for individuals from lower socio-economic levels, who are disproportionately from ethnic minority groups, due to the cost of equipment, lack of access to specialized facilities, and expense of lessons or coaching.
False 17. A major difference between interscholastic sports and intercollegiate athletics is that college athletes must meet minimal academic standards, while high school athletes do not have to meet minimal academic standards.
True 18. The National Collegiate Athletic Association and the United States Olympic Committee use drug testing to deter the use of banned substances that could provide an unfair advantage to the athletes taking them.
False 19. Numerous females claim that the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s academic eligibility requirements discriminate against them.
True 20. There is a significant amount of rule-breaking behavior in recruiting in intercollegiate athletics.
True 21. Because of economic constraints, the pay-for-play philosophy may become a way of financing interscholastic sport programs.