Ethics And Issues In Contemporary Nursing 2nd Canadian Edition By Burkhardt – Test Bank
Chapter 11 – Practice Issues Related to Patient Self-Determination
1.What is the legal protection of a patient’s right to personal autonomy called?
b. advanced directives
c. informed consent
ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: p. 273 BLM: Remember
2.Which of the following actions are part of the nurse’s role and responsibilities in informed consent?
a. verifying that the patient is aware of options and the implications of each option
b. providing recommendations about care to the patient
c. explaining the procedure to the patient when the doctor cannot do so
d. signing as a witness attesting that the patient is unable to give consent
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 275 BLM: Higher Order
3.What is the definition of competence?
a. a legal action physicians can impose on patients who are elderly and confused
b. the ability of a patient to understand medical options and treatment
c. a legal ruling regarding a person’s ability to make meaningful life decisions
d. the ability of a patient to communicate about current events
ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: p. 281 BLM: Remember
4.A patient asks the surgeon what will be gained by having the procedure and the surgeon does not respond. Which patient right is being violated?
c. advance directives
d. informed consent
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 275 BLM: Higher Order
5.Which source document acknowledges the importance of living wills and clearly identifies promoting and respecting informed decision making?
a. Substitute Decision Maker Proxy
b. Code of Ethics
c. Lifestyle Choices Policy
d. Advance Directives Act
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 282 BLM: Remember
6.A nurse is caring for a patient with cancer who describes using ozone therapy and mega intravenous doses of vitamin C as part of her treatment. Which of the following nursing actions would take into consideration the patient’s ability to self-determination?
a. Honour the patient’s right to use therapies other than conventional medicine to address their health care needs.
b. Tell the patient that they should stop these therapies because the research does not support them.
c. Inform the patient that they have a right to do what they want, but that it is unwise to mix different modalities of therapy
d. Encourage the patient to share the alternative therapies with other patients to see if they might help them as well.
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 270 BLM: Higher Order
7.A patient is refusing to participate in his plan of care. The nurse is aware that the patient’s refusal will negatively affect his health outcome. According to the Canadian Nurses Association Code of Ethics, what must the nurse take into consideration?
a. that the patient’s unhealthy life practices require further allocation of resources
b. that the nurse has the right to refuse to continue care
c. that the quality of nursing care must NOT be affected
d. that the plan of care should NOT be revised
ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: p. 286 BLM: Higher Order
8.When a nurse discusses a patient’s condition and treatment with family members who were not authorized to have medical information disclosed to them, what principle is the nurse breaching?
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 296 BLM: Higher Order
9.A nurse encourages a patient to take narcotics for severe cancer pain. The patient is concerned about the possible side effects. The nurse gives the patient the narcotic and tells the patient; “It’s for your own good and it’s important to get your pain under control.” What is the nurse’s behaviour an example of?
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 271 BLM: Higher Order
10.What is the purpose of a patient completing a living will?
a. prolonging life or improving quality of life
b. identifying a proxy or substitute decision-maker
c. a medical determination relating only to the issue at hand
d. evaluating health care decisions and reducing choices
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 279 BLM: Remember
11.Which law states that active euthanasia and assisted suicide are both illegal and that taking part in them is against the law, even if carried out for merciful intentions or relieve suffering?
a. the Criminal Code of Canada
b. the Code of Ethics
c. the Advance Directives Act
d. the Lifestyle Choices Policy
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 294 BLM: Remember
12.A nurse is injured with a percutaneous exposure of blood while on duty. The nurse wishes to have the patient tested for HIV; however, the patient refuses. Which of the following statements best summarizes testing issues related to HIV?
a. The nurse’s right to have the testing completed supersedes any patient’s objections.
b. It is illegal to perform testing without the patient’s consent.
c. It is mandatory for all patients to be HIV tested and therefore the nurse would have results available.
d. The nurse needs to advise the patient of the potential risks of refusing to have the testing completed.
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 295 BLM: Higher Order
13.Which of the following elements must be present when evaluating a patient’s decision-making capacity?
a. the ability to determine a positive outcome
b. the ability to communicate understanding
c. the ability to behave in an ethical manner
d. the ability to understand medical terminology
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 280 BLM: Higher Order
14.What does a nurse’s advocacy role regarding a patient’s advance directives (AD) include?
a. making sure that the patient is not resuscitated in a cardiac arrest situation
b. telling patients about changes in their condition so they can modify their AD
c. informing health team members about healthcare decisions when the patient cannot do so
d. informing health team members of the content of a patient’s AD
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 282 BLM: Higher Order
15.Which of the following elements must be included in an informed consent?
a. description of common practices of the healthcare institute
b. needs and expectations of the patient
c. description of the health concern
d. verification of understanding
ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: p. 275 BLM: Higher Order