Abnormal Psychology An Integrative Approach 5th Edition By Barlow – Test Bank
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. Joan consumes alcohol alone in her residence room when she has trouble sleeping. What level of involvement with alcohol would best apply to Joan?
a. substance use
b. substance abuse
c. substance dependence
2. Max runs a group therapy session for people with alcohol disorders. What else do some members of the group likely have?
b. mood and anxiety disorders
c. a sociopathic personality disturbance
d. abuse of marijuana
3. What are the noted research differences between how Canadian college and university students use alcohol compared to American students?
a. More American female students drink alcohol than Canadian female students, but male students in both countries drink at about the same rate.
b. More American than Canadian students drink alcohol, but more Canadian students are binge drinkers.
c. More Canadian than American students drink alcohol, but more American students are binge drinkers.
d. More Canadian female students drink alcohol than American female students, but male students in both countries drink at about the same rate.
4. The most common of the psychoactive substances is used by 90 percent of North Americans. What is it?
5. What is the purpose of abstinence in a harm reduction approach to substance abuse?
a. Abstinence is assumed to be the natural result of improved cognitive and behavioural coping skills after therapy.
b. Abstinence can be the final goal but it does not have to be.
c. Abstinence is an unrealistic goal for a person with a history of dependence problems.
d. Abstinence is a key requirement for the user.
6. Approximately what percentage of Canadians who consume alcohol can be categorized as problem drinkers?
a. 3 percent
b. 9 percent
c. 14 percent
d. 18 percent
7. What might be the common factor among abused psychoactive drugs?
a. their identical effect on neurotransmitters at the synapse
b. the suppression of the nervous system
c. the similar way in which they are metabolized in the body
d. their ability to activate the “pleasure pathways” of the brain
8. Jason uses mescaline repeatedly over several days. Which of the following is most likely?
a. He will overdose and may die.
b. The drug will completely lose its effectiveness.
c. He will experience severe withdrawal symptoms when he stops.
d. He will experience at least one “bad trip.”
9. Dr. Gomez is concerned with a recent report showing high rates of benzodiazepine use in his community. Why might Dr. Gomez find this problematic?
a. Their use is positively correlated with violent behaviour.
b. It has long been known that they are not appropriate for reducing tension and anxiety from everyday stresses and strains.
c. They are more dangerous than barbiturates.
d. They are largely ineffective at relieving symptoms of anxiety.
10. Ellery and colleagues (2005) showed that ingestion of alcohol led to increased risk-taking tendencies among regular gamblers when they were using a video lottery terminal, relative to gamblers ingesting a non-alcoholic control beverage. What does this finding suggest?
a. People addicted to alcohol may also be prone to engage in other risk-taking behaviours.
b. Gamblers addicted to alcohol may be more likely to engage in aggressive behaviours when they are drinking.
c. Risk-taking tendencies may contribute to alcohol addiction.
d. Alcohol may contribute to the high co-occurrence of alcohol and gambling disorders.
11. Jack has been showing hallucinations, panic, and paranoid delusions. What type of substance has he most likely taken too much of?