Cognition Theory And Applications 8th Edition By Reed – Test Bank
Chapter 11-Comprehension and Memory for Text Key
- According to Gernsbacher’s (1997) Structure Building Framework, which sentence of a paragraph do people usually read most slowly, and why?
A.the first, because they are laying a foundation for the ideas that follow
B. the last, because they are integrating the meanings of the individual statements
C. the first, because they are adjusting their comprehension to the difficulty-level and style of the author
D. the last because it summarizes information in the preceding sentences
- The chapter on text comprehension emphasizes that two important components that influence comprehension are
A.sex and race.
B. grammar and spelling.
C. the knowledge of the reader and the content of the text.
D. capacity and arousal.
- Speed reading
B. works fine for simple or already known material.
C. works well for both simple and complex material.
D. works best for students trying to learn new material.
- Bransford and Johnson found that presenting a suitable context after people read an abstract passage
A.improved recall when the topic was unfamiliar (a serenade).
B. improved recall when the topic was familiar (washing clothes).
C. improved recall in both cases.
D. improved recall in neither case.
- People’s inability to recall the abstract, unfamiliar statements in Bransford and Johnson’s experiment illustrated the important role of prior knowledge in
B. causing recall of false information.
C. predicting readability.
D. providing a retrieval plan.
- Anderson and Pichert found that asking people to shift perspectives increased
B. reading time.
C. false recognitions.
- Anderson and Pichert argued that people recalled additional ideas following a shift in perspective because they
A.guessed ideas that they didn’t really remember.
B. initially omitted these ideas as being unimportant.
C. had a new plan for searching memory.
D. always did better when given a second opportunity.
- Prior knowledge causes the greatest number of false recognitions of story content for
A.low-related sentences after a short delay.
B. high-related sentences after a short delay.
C. low-related sentences after a long delay.
D. high-related sentences after a long delay.
- False recall of information concerning a robbery increased when
A.the information was part of prior knowledge about robberies.
B. misleading information was introduced by an attorney.
C. Both a and b
D. Neither a nor b
- Prior knowledge
A.makes it easier to comprehend abstract ideas.
B. determines what we emphasize in a text.
C. can make it difficult to remember the source of our knowledge.
D. All these